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:

1984 *
, .
" " , '
. ,

J. Kollars, 'Systems of Change in Turkish Village Agriculture', : {1}
P. Benedict, E. Tumertekin & F. Mansur (eds.), Turkey: Geographic and
& Social Perspective, Leiden 1974, pp. 203-204

;397 ,339 ,232 ,141-140 ' ,1980 , , ' : {2}
R.A. Stewart Macalister & E.W.G. Masterman, 'A History of the :
Doings of the Fellahin during the First Half of the Nineteenth Century
from Native Sources. Part III: The Wars of Yaman and Kais in the
Southern Half of Palestine', PEFQS (1906), pp. 33-50; M. Hoexter, 'The
Role of the Qays and Yemen Factions in Local Political Divisions: Jabal
Nablus compared with the Judean Hills in the First Half of the
Nineteenth Century', AAS, 9, no. 3 (1973), pp. 284-311; W.F. Lynch,
Narrative of the United States Expedition to the River Jordan and the
Dead Sea, Philadelphia 1849, pp. 433-434; A.J. Rustum, The Royal
archives of Egypt and the Disturbances in Palestine 1834, Beirut 1938,
pp. 22, 56-59, 64; M. Sabry, L'Empire Egyptien sous Mohamed Ali et la
Question d'Orient 1811-1849, Paris 1930, p. 330; S.N. Spyridon, 'Annals
of Palestine 1821-1841', JPOS, 18 (1938), pp. 79, 110-111; E.N. Haddad,
Political Parties in Syria and Palestine', JPOS, 1 (1920-1921), p. 212

.212 ' ,() {3}

' ;132-63 ' ,() ;141-140 ' ,(2 ) {4}
," " , ," ,- ,
, , ;43 ,3 " ,"
3928 ,46 ;2648 ,32 ;1570 ,2) ,"
' , ' ;(" :)
- ' ;19-1 ' ,( ) - ,
P.J. Baldensperger, 'The Immovable East', : ;1984 28 ,'
PEFQS (1906), p. 197

;E. Efrat & E. Orni, Geography of Israel, Jerusalem 1966, pp. 49-56 {5}
,' ' , '
,
.115-111 ' ,1963

Ali Bey el-Abbassi, Voyages : ,434 ' ,(2 ,) ' {6}
d'Ali Bey el-Abbassi en Afrique et en Asie pendant les anne'es 1803-1807
Paris 1814, p. 113; C.R. Conder & H.H. Kitchener, Memoirs The Survey of
Western Palestine, III, London 1883, p. 18; U.J. Seetzen, Reisen durch
;Syrien ,Palastina, Phonicien..., II, Berlin 1854-1859, pp. 65-66
T. Tobler, Lustreise ins Morgenland, II ,Zurich 1839, p.40; W.R. Wilson  
Travels in the Holy Land..., I, London 1822, p. 188; V. Gue'rin, La
Terre Sainte: Je'rusalem et le Nord de la Jude'e, I, Paris 1868, p. 293

J.S. Buckingham, Travels among the : {7}
Arab Tribes... including Journey from Nazareth to the Mountains Beyond
: .the Dead Sea..., London 1825, pp. 172-173
H.B.W. Churton,thoughts on the Land of the Morning; A Record of Two
.Visits to Palestine, London 1851, p. 222
294 ' ," - ,- - ,' " :
.19,18,

E.A. Finn, ifome in the Holy land, London 1866, pp. 321-322 : {8}

, Betshaan {9}
.-

F.C. Ewald, Journal of Missionary Labours in the City of : {10}
Jerusalem During the Years 1842, 1843, and 1844, London 1845, p. 533

' ,(2 ,) ;4 , ,'- ' {11}
.9-5 ' ,(4 ,) ;141-140

' , ' ,' ' , ' {12}
, , : ,() '
70- '' ,- ' ;372-367 ' ,"
,) ;89-85 ,75-73 ' ,(" ) 36 , ,'"
Government of Palestine Village Statistics, : ;18 ' ,111 ,(6
idem, village Statistics ;(1938 :) Jerusalem 1938, p. 44
.(1945 :) Jerusalem 1945, p. 25

,- , ' {13}
, , ,
R. Kark, ' Changing Patterns : ;( ) 27-9 ' ,1984
of Land ownership in Nineteenth-Century palestine: The European
influence', Journal of Historical Geography, 1O, no. 4 (1984), pp. 36

,1920 23 ," , ' " {14}
-91 ' ,1970 - , , ' ;1574 ,5 " ,"
," ," " ;88
L18/82/1 1920/21

,' , {15}
.1984 2 ;20/35/2 ,23 ,

Government of Palestine, A Survey of Palestine, Prepared in {16}
December 1945 and January 1946, for the Information of the Anglo
- :)'American Committee of Inquiry, I, Jerusalem 1946, p. 348
Y.N. Miller, Government and Society in Rural Palestine 1920- ;(
1948 Austin, Texas 1985, p. 27

' .239-238 ,234-233 ' ,1 ,- {17}
- ' , ' :
.160-158 ,148-147 ' ,(" ) 45 , .'"
' ,' ' , ' :
-198 ' ,1990 , : ,()
.185

.262-260 ' ,1 ,- {18}

;14 , ," , , ' " {19}
," ,1921 13 ," , ,
, ,- " " ;
. ," ,1920 11 ,"

,1922 30 ," , , {20}
," - ;43 ,3 " ,"
- , ' ; ," ,1922 17

, ;1574 ,5 ," ,1922 19 ,
- , ," ,
.L 18/39/4 ," ,1923 8 ,

.61 ' ,1979 , , ' {21}

2 ;25 ' ,1945 ;44 ' ,1938 {22}
I. Rabinowitz, 'The : ; 1984
Mitzvah of Geulat Ha'aretz', Essays by Rabbi Louis Rabinowitz (n.p) 1980
,' , .pp. 3-5
, ," ;15 ,
.

, ' ;317 ' ,I ,- : {23}
Qaryat El Anab (Abu ;256 ' ,1977 -,
:) Ghosh) 1933, 1:10,000, Survey of Palestine, March 1934
.(1933

7) 18 , ;1984 26 ,' {24}
;- ,11 ,7 ' ,(1945 18) 23 , ;12 ' ,(1945
.1933

, ,'- ' ; ,' {25}
.4

;8 ' ,(16 ,) ;234-233 ' ,1 ,- : {26}
.1933 ;3940-3939 ,46 ,"

," ;06.1 ,- ,1931-1930 {27}
,5 " ," ,1923 21 ,- ,
, ," : .1574
.4 , ,'- ' : .L18/39/5

.22 ' ,1945 ;44 ' ,1938 ;140 ' ,(16 ,) {28}

, ,'- ' ;(12 ,) : {29}
Qaryat El Anab, 1945, 1:2,500 Village Surveys, April 1946 ;1933 ;4

20 ,- ' {30}
- ,"-" , ' ;1574 ,5 " ," ,1921
.3998 ,3935 ,64 ," ;8 ' ,1950

.146 ' ,(14 ,) {31}

,' : ' , ' {32}
.20 ' ,1970 ,

;14-9 ' ,(30 ,) ;44 ' ,1938 {33}
, : ,(1949/50) " ,
.73-72 ' ,"

- : ,' ' , ' {34}
.168 ' ,1957 ,

' ,(1945 12) 16 , ;4 ' ,(1945 29) 15 , {35}
;306 ' ,(5 ,) ;22 ' ,1945 ;- ,4-2
' ,1947 ," -" '
.159 ,156-155

;196 ' ,(35 ,) " ;158 ' ,(34 ,) {36}
.306 ' ,(5 ,)

: ;15 , , {37}
, ;5-3 ' ,(22 ,)
.22 , ," ;15 , ,'
.


   
               
       
   


 



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