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, !- ' , !151-159 ' .,
!34-80 ' ," , ,
. : , :

.: .[2]
Y. BEN ARIEH, "THE PROCESS OF THE JEWISH COMMUNITY'S
EMERGENCE FROM WITHIN JERUSALEM'S WALLS AT THE END OF THE
OTTOMAN .
PERIOD. PROCEEDINGS OF THE SIXTH WORLD CONGRESS OF JEWISH
STUDIES. VOL. 2; JERUSALEM 1975; PP. 313-329.

.27-70 ' , , ,300-302 ' , .[3]

.23 ' ,3 ' ,19 ,1882 19 ,'' .[4]

' ,28 ,(1884) " ' ,"' : .28-29 ' , .[5]
'- ' ,141 ' ,17
.

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' ," ' ''
" 50
.
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.67-70 ' , ,28-29 ' , .[8]

.95-97 ' , .[9]

. (78-82 ' ,- ) 267 ' ,- .[10]

.95-97 ' , .[11]

.28-29 ' , .[12]

.5 ' , ' ' ,1887 ' ,'' .[13]

.28-29 ' , ,139-140 ' ," , , " .[14]
.92-131 ' ' , '-'

, ' , .[15]
!1965 ,'- ' '-' ,
D.H.K. AMIRAN; THE DEVELOPMENT OF JERUSALEM 1860-1970'; IN:
VOLUME TO THE MURBAN GEOGRAPHY OF JERUSALEM A COMPANIU
31-32 .ATLAS OF JERUSALEM , JERUSALEM 1973 PP

,(59-71 ' ," , ,- ) 266-267 ' ,- .[16]
.42-91 ' , , -

.1 ' , ' , ," " ,'' .[17]

' , , ,(1889) " - , .[18]
.701 ' ,651-732

.(59-71 ' ," , ,- ) 266-267 ' ,- .[19]

. , .[20]

. .[21]
,640-650 ' , , ," ' , '
.11-37 ' , : ,'" ' , '

-202 ' , , ,' - ' , ' .[22]
. - '' ,204

, ' ," " , ,3 ' , ' , ," " ,'' .[23]
.1 ' , ' , ," ' , .2 '

.156 ' , QST. PEF. 1887 , .[24]

," ,''\ ,31-33 ' , ' , " .[25]
, ,' ' , ' .22 ' ,
.195-197 ' , ," ,( ' ) '' 250-259 ' ,

!255 ' ,(25 ) !202-204 ' ,(22 ) .[26]
.73-76 ' ,10 ' , ," ' ,''

, , " !32-33 ' , .[27]
.734 ' "

) 234 ' ,1938 - , , ' ' .[28]
.(1887

VESTER (SPAFFORD) H. BERTHA, OUR JERUSALEM: AN AMERICAN [29]
.FAMILY IN THE HOLY CITY 1881-1949, LONDON 1951

) " -" ,252 ' ,- .[30]
.(- ,-

.32-33 ' , .[31]

" ,'' .2 ' , ' , ," ' ,'' .[32]
, ,1 ' , ' , ,"
.

.1 ' , , ," " ,'' .[33]

! 115 ' ,15 ' , ,(1886) " " ,''\ .[34]
) 5-6 ' ,1 ' , ," " ,''
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.3 ' , ' , ," " ,'' .[35]

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1885 ) 62 ' ," - , , '.[37]
.(

) "-" ,252 ' ,- .[38]
.(- ,-

.134 ' 1891 ," , " .[39]

, !(59-71 ' ," , ,- ) 270 ' ,- .[40]
.32-33 '

.221 ' ,30 ' ,28 ,(1898) " " ,'' .[41]

.(" ') 178 ' ," , , , ' .[42]

," , , " ! 32-33 ' , .[43]
. (38.6.12) " "

.59-60 ' ! (- ,- ) 255 ' ,- .[44]

.49 ' , .[45]

. 2-5 ! 59-60 ' , .[46]

.(59-71 ' ." ,- ) 269 ' ,- .[47]

.2-5 ! 31 ' .[48]

.60-61 ' , .[49]

,' ' , .[*49]
' 1938 ,- , - -
.8-82

.351-353 ' ,- .[50]

.1 ' , ' , ," ' ,'' .[51]

.( 1885 ) 50 ' , .[52]

.2-5 ! 55 ' , .[53]

.(- ,- ) 253 ' ,- .[54]

'' !1 ' , ' , ," ' ,'' .[55]
, :
. ,
.
," : ,'')
. (2 ' , ' ,

.29 ' , , , .[56]

.16 ' ," , , , .[57]

.44 ' ," , , , .[58]

..2 ' , ' ., ." ' ,'' .[59]

.3 ' , ' , ," ' , .[60]

.1 ' , ' , ," " , .[61]

.1 ' , ' , ," ' , .[62]

.1 ' , ' , ," " , .[63]

.2 ' , ' , ," " , .[64]

.1 ' , ' , ," " , .[65]

.62-63 ' , .[66]

G. E. ERANKLIN PALESTINE REPICTED AND DESCRIBED, N.Y. 1911 PP.
[67] 93-94.

E. ROBINSON & E. SMITH BIBLICAL RESEARCHES IN PALESTINE, 11,
[68]
LONDON 1841 PP, 95-96.

.(59-71 ' ," , - ) 269 ' ,- .[69]

.2 ' , ' , ," ' ,'' .[70]

.(- ,- ) " -" ,250 ' ,- .[71]

) 49 ' ," ,( ) , " .[72]
.( 1889

.44-45 ' , .[73]

.49 ' , .[74]

.909 ' ,220 ' , ,(1890.10.9) " ' ,'' .[75]

.(59-71 ' ," ,- ) 268 ' ,- .[76]

.( 1896 ) 9 ' , , .[77]

.(59-71 ' ," ,- ) 268 ' ,- .[78]

.31 ' , .[79]

.42 ' , .[80]

.10 ' ,2 ' ,18 ," ' ,'' .[81]

!(- , - ) " ,254 ' ,- .[82]
.235-237 ' ,

, ! 168 ' ," ,- , ' .[83]
.280-281 ' ,1891 ,PEF QST , !

.(59-71 ' ," , ,- ) 270 ' ,- .[84]

, , ' ' !30 ' , .[85]
. ,"

.5 !16 ' ," , , , .[86]

.(59-71 ' ," , ,- ) 267 ' ,- .[87]

- .207 ' ,26 ' , ," ,'' .[*87]
.

266 ' !(= ,- ) " ,253-254 ' ,- .[88]
, ,(59-71 ' ," , ,- )
.1-5 !72.4.29 ,'\

, !(59-71 ' ," , ,- ) 267 ' ,- .[89]
.30 '

.16 ' ," , , , .[90]

. , .[91]

.204-205 ' ," , , , .[92]

.203-205 ' , .[93]

.(- ,- ) " ,255 ' ,- .[94]

.(59-71 ' ," , ,- ) 268 ' , .[95]

.1 !97-98 ' , .[96]

.67 ' , , ' !32 ' , .[97]

.17 ' ," , , , .[98]

.(59-71 ' ," , ,- ) 267 ' ,- .[99]

.1-5 !108 ' , .[100]

,' ' , !205 ' ," , , , .[101]
- .
" ''
. - .

.97-99 ' ,- , .[102]

C. SCHICK, DIE BRAUGESCHICHTE DER STADT JERUSALEM
ETC..ZDPV[103]
PP. 264-276.

.99-100 ' , ! ," \ ,- , .[104]

.108 ' , .[105]

.700-701 ' , , .[106]

.(59-71 ' ," , ,- ) 266 ' ,- .[107]

.(- /- ) 253-254 ' , .[108]

!201-223' ," , , 167-184 ' ," , , , .[109]
- ! 215 ' ,(24 ,)
.83-85 ' ,(29 ,) - : ,

.97-99 , , .[110]


L. OLIPHANT HAIFA ON LIFE IN MODERN PALESTINE, LONDON [111]
.206-207 ' ," ,- , 1877
' , , ! :
.13-19

N.T CARPENTER IN CAIRO AND JERUSALEM - AN EASTERN NOTE .[112]
BOOK N.Y 1894, PP. 188

.561 ' ,( ) , .[113

. .[114]

.700-701 ' , , .[115]



'

(103 ,(1894) :1
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